Feeding the world: References
1. Foley, J.A. et al. (2011). Solutions for a Cultivated Planet. Nature 478 337–42 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v478/n7369/full/nature10452.html
2. Food Biotechnology: A Communicator’s Guide to Improving Understanding. (2013). International Food Information Council Foundation. http://www.foodinsight.org/education/food-biotechnology-communicator’s-guide-improving-understanding
3. Tilman, D. et al. (2011). Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture. PNAS http://www.pnas.org/content/108/50/20260
4. Foley, J. A. (2011). Can We Feed the World and Sustain the Planet? Scientific American http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/can-we-feed-the-world/
5. Searchinger, T. et al. (2014). Crop Breeding: Renewing the Global Commitment. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. http://www.wri.org/publication/crop-breeding-renewing-global-commitment
6. Barrows et al. (2014). Agricultural Biotechnology: The Promise and Prospects of Genetically Modified Crops. Journal of Economic Perspectives
7. IFAD (2013). Smallholders, food security and the environment. Rome, Italy: International Fund for Agricultural Development http://www.ifad.org/climate/resources/smallholders_report.pdf
8. Gilbert, N. (2014). Cross-bred crops get fit faster. Nature 513, 292 http://www.nature.com/news/cross-bred-crops-get-fit-faster-1.15940
9. McDougall, Phillips. (2011). The cost and time involved in the discovery, development and authorisation of a new plant biotechnology derived trait. https://croplife.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Getting-a-Biotech-Crop-to-Market-Phillips-McDougall-Study.pdf
10. Gurian-Sherman, Doug “Plant Breeding vs. GMOs: Conventional Methods Lead the Way in Responding to Climate Change” Civil Eats October 10, 2014 http://civileats.com/2014/10/10/plant-breeding-vs-gmos-conventional-methods-lead-the-way-in-responding-to-climate-change/
11. Goodman, M. (2002). New sources of germplasm: lines, transgenes, and breeders. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC http://www.cropsci.ncsu.edu/maize/publications/NewSources.pdf
12. Cassidy et al. (2013). Redefining agricultural yields: from tonnes to people nourished per hectare. Environmental Research Letters http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/3/034015
13. Mueller, N. D. et al. (2012). Closing yield gaps through nutrient and water management. Nature. 490(7419), 254-257.
14. Lipinski, B. et al. (2013). “Reducing Food Loss and Waste.” Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. http://www.wri.org/sites/default/files/reducing_food_loss_and_waste.pdf
15. Nixon, Ron “Food Waste Is Becoming Serious Economic and Environmental Issue, Report Says” New York Times Feb 25, 2015 http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/26/us/food-waste-is-becoming-serious-economic-and-environmental-issue-report-says.html
16. Reich, A. H. & Foley, J.A. “Food Loss and Waste in the US: The Science Behind the Supply Chain.” April, 2014 https://www.foodpolicy.umn.edu/policy-summaries-and-analyses/food-loss-and-waste-us-science-behind-supply-chain
17. Gunders, D. (2012). Wasted: How America Is Losing Up to 40 Percent of Its Food from Farm to Fork to Landfill. Natural Resources Defense Council Issue Paper.
18. FAO. (2011). Global food losses and food waste – Extent, causes and prevention. Rome, Italy.
19. Searchinger, T. and R. Heimlich. (2015). “Avoiding Bioenergy Competition for Food Crops and Land.” Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. http://www.wri.org/publication/avoiding-bioenergy-competition-food-crops-and-land
20. West, P. et al. (2014). Leverage points for improving global food security and the environment. Science http://www.sciencemag.org/content/345/6194/325
21. Wang, Y. and Beydoun, M. A. (2009). Meat consumption is associated with obesity and central obesity among US adults Int. J. Obesity 33 621–8
22. Pan, A. et al. (2012). Red meat consumption and mortality: results from 2 prospective cohort studies Arch. Intern. Med. 172 555
23. Larsson, S. and Wolk A. (2012). Red and processed meat consumption and risk of pancreatic cancer: meta-analysis of prospective studies Br. J.Cancer 106603–7
24. Tavani, A. et al. (2000). Red meat intake and cancer risk: a study in Italy Int. J. Cancer 86 425–8
25. Center for Food Safety “About GE Foods” Accessed online March 2, 2015 http://www.centerforfoodsafety.org/issues/311/ge-foods/about-ge-foods#
26. Gurian-Sherman, Doug. (2009). Failure to Yield: Evaluating the Performance of Genetically Engineered Crops. Union of Concerned Scientists: http://www.ucsusa.org/food_and_agriculture/our-failing-food-system/genetic-engineering/failure-to-yield.html
27. Benbrook, C. M. (2012). Impacts of genetically engineered crops on pesticide use in the US--the first sixteen years. Environmental Sciences Europe, 24(1), 1-13.
28. Heinemann et al. (2014). Sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14735903.2013.806408
29. FAOSTAT (2015). Production Statistics. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. Accessed online February 9, 2015 http://faostat3.fao.org/download/Q/QC/E
30. A two-tailed t-test of corn yield statistics from 1986 to 2013 results in a p-value greater than 0.5.
31. A two-tailed t-test of corn yield statistics from 1996 to 2013 results in a p-value greater than 0.5.
32. A two-tailed t-test of soybean yield statistics from 1986 to 2013 results in a p-value greater than 0.2.
33. A two-tailed t-test of soybean yield statistics from 1996 to 2013 results in a p-value greater than 0.1.
34. Klümper W., Qaim M. (2014). A Meta-Analysis of the Impacts of Genetically Modified Crops. PLoS ONE 9(11): e111629. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0111629
35. Heinemann, Jack (2014). “Correlation is not causation.” RightBiotech http://rightbiotech.tumblr.com/post/103665842150/correlation-is-not-causation
36. IFPRI (2012). Measuring the Contribution of Bt Cotton Adoption to India’s Cotton Yields Leap http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/ifpridp01170.pdf
37. Ray, D. K. (2013). Yield Trends Are Insufficient to Double Global Crop Production by 2050. PLoS ONE 8(6) doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066428